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Violence in Schools? It's the Prozac and Ritalin Stupid!
By: Edited by: William Wong ND, Ph.D., Member World Sports Medicine Hall of Fame.


Please read these three pieces on exactly why we are having a level of violence in our schools and colleges that is unprecedented; and guess what? It’s not due to guns, it’s not due to music, it’s not even due to video games - it’s the Prozac and the SSRI family of drugs coupled with the amphetamine Ritalin. Look at the statistics, read the names of which student was taking what drug during their attack of mania and decide to clean these snakes out of our kids lives!

From the great Dr. Larry Wilson:
by Lawrence Wilson, MD
            Causes for childhood depression, anxiety and attention deficit range from nutritional imbalances and chemical exposure to home and school problems. Instead of addressing causes, many doctors and psychologists treat the symptoms with powerful medications. Today, almost nine million children, or almost one out of every five children, take psychoactive drugs for their behavior disorders, many of which are questionable diagnoses.
            Prozac, Luvox, Paxil, and Zoloft belong to a class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRI's. These drugs can induce akathisia - mental and physical agitation that sparks self-destructive, violent behavior. They can also induce dissociative reactions. The one taking the drug becomes insensitive to the consequences of his behavior.

            The combination of these effects can lead to anti-social behavior of the worst kind. In one study, 6% of the children on Prozac became psychotic (1).

            Here are the sad results. Eric Harris was on Luvox before taking part in the shooting at Columbine High School in April 1999. Fifteen-year-old Shawn Cooper fired on students and high school staff in Notus, Idaho in April 1999. He was taking an SSRI. Thirteen-year-old Chris Fetters of Iowa killed her favorite aunt. She was on Prozac. Kip Kinkel, a 15-year-old, first shot his parents, then killed two and wounded 22 fellow students at Thurston High School in Oregon. He was taking Prozac.
            Joseph Wesbecker was on Prozac when he killed seven people at a printing plant in Kentucky, before taking his own life. In September 1999, Buford O'Neal Furrow, Jr. fired 70 rounds at the North Valley Jewish Community Center in Los Angeles wounding 5 people. A month earlier Mark Barton murdered his wife and two children and then methodically gunned down 21 people in two brokerage firms in Atlanta.

            Jeff Weise was another school killer in Red lake, Minnesota. His dose of Prozac had just been increased to 60 mg daily. The story is the same - those involved were taking SSRI drugs. Since 1998, eight of the thirteen ‘school shooters’ were on psychiatric drugs. The records on the remaining five are sealed. Did the drugs cause the violence?

            Ann Blake Tracy, PhD has studied Prozac for ten years. She researched 32 murder cases involving women and their children. In 24 of the cases, the women were taking Prozac or another SSRI.

            Why isn't this on the news? Perhaps because drug company advertising supports most TV and radio stations, newspapers and medical journals. Drug companies spend $11 billion a year on advertising. An article in California Lawyer, Dec. 1998, reported that Eli Lilly, manufacturer of Prozac, settled nearly a dozen cases involving Prozac out of court in one year. They did this to avoid unwanted publicity that would unleash an avalanche of Prozac horror stories.
            In many areas, one of every five children is labeled with 'attention deficit' or ADHD. The number of children so diagnosed increased by 90% between 1989 and 1996! Three-fourths of the doctor visits resulted in drug treatment. Clinical Psychiatric News, July 1998 reported that 223 children under age 3 who enrolled in Michigan's Medicaid program before December 1996 were labeled ADHD. The author adds: "Amazingly, 57% of these children were treated with one or more psychotropic drugs including Ritalin, Prozac, Dexedrine, Aventyl and Syban. Thirty-three percent were medicated with two or more of these drugs."

            Combining anti-depressants (Prozac or Luvox) and psychostimulants (Ritalin) increases the risk of cardiovascular collapse, seizures, euphoria and psychosis (3). Researchers at the Brookhaven National Laboratory reported that "when Ritalin was given to cocaine users, they couldn't distinguish the Ritalin high from the cocaine high".

            Why the epidemic? Lack of parental supervision, loss of values, poor role models, too much TV, and outmoded educational systems may all contribute. Schools often receive money for every child they diagnose with ADHD. It seems easier to prescribe a drug than spend the time to investigate the problem. There are other reasons, however, that are well-documented but hardly ever discussed.
            Pellagra is a vitamin B3 deficiency disease. In 1938, the American Journal of Medical Science, Vol. 196 published an article titled, "The Mental Symptoms of Subclinical Pellagra (in children)" by T.D. Spies et al. Symptoms include hyperactivity, perceptual difficulties, inappropriate social behavior, and problems in school. Sound familiar?

            How can a child today develop this syndrome? Easily! Live on a standard diet of products made from white flour, white rice, and refined sugar. In a California study involving 400 prisoners, 200 were given a multi-vitamin-mineral supplement, while the others were given a placebo. Neither the prisoners nor the prison staff knew who was getting the placebo. The number of discipline violations in the treated group fell 38% in the 15 weeks of the study. There was no change in violations in the placebo group.

            Psychiatrist Abram Hoffer, MD has added much to our understanding of human nutrition. Two of his contributions concern food allergies and dosages of vitamins. He writes that "food allergy can reproduce almost every known psychiatric syndrome, from autism and schizophrenia to mood and behavioral disorders". His work with concentration camp victims proved that some people need much higher doses of vitamins than others to maintain health.
              Many studies support the concept that better nutrition reduces crime and delinquency in adults as well as in children.  A recent study appeared in the British Journal of Psychiatry in 2002. This was a well-controlled study in which half of a group of 230 young offenders were given a food supplement containing vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids. The other half were given a placebo or dummy pill (an excellent choice of words, in this case).

              Those who took the real food supplement over an eighteen-month period experienced a reduction in all repeat offenses of 25%.  Violent crime was reduced by nearly 40%.  Those who took the placebo had no reduction in their repeat offenses over the same period of months.
            Our brain has several parts. The so-called ‘old brain’ is the diencephalon, often referred to as the brain stem. It is responsible for our animal responses, including the desire to harm or kill another. It is a natural defensive response. The ‘new brain’ is the cortex, which sits on top of the old brain. One of its functions is to modify the animal responses, substituting the higher emotions such as forgiveness, patience and compassion.

            Copper stimulates the old brain, whereas zinc is needed in greater quantity for the new brain. In fact, zinc is considered by some researchers as a calming neurotransmitter in its own right. Hair analyses reveal today that over 50% of the population is zinc deficient and copper toxic. Symptoms of copper toxicity from a standard textbook include psychosis, schizophrenia, and emotional instability.

            Why are the copper levels high? Among the important reasons are zinc-deficient (refined food) diets, adrenal gland weakness, use of birth control pills and copper intra-uterine devices in mothers, vegetarian diets, and stress.

            Many children today are overstimulated with caffeine and sugar. Refined caffeine - a more potent stimulant than that found in foods such as tea or coffee, is readily available to youngsters of all ages. It gives a temporary lift, but eventually exhausts the adrenal glands, leading to fatigue and irritability. It is ironic that the FDA is very tough on vitamin manufacturers, but ignores children’s access to this well-known stimulant drug.

            Refined sugar, labeled fructose, corn sweeteners, honey, dextrose, liquid sugar or other names, depletes the body of B-complex vitamins needed for its digestion. It also feeds fungal and other subclinical infections. Substituting Nutrasweet is even worse for many people.

            Calcium, magnesium and zinc are called the "sedative minerals". They are essential for mental well-being. Soda pop contains phosphoric acid that binds and eliminates calcium, magnesium and zinc from the body.
            Lead, cadmium, and mercury can damage children's brains and cause mood swings and violent thoughts. This is not a debatable issue. Tissue mineral tests on several serial killers found they had high tissue levels of these metals. A study of Naval recruits found the higher the cadmium level, the more disciplinary problems.

            The "mad hatters" of Alice in Wonderland were real people. They became poisoned with mercury working in the hat industry in the mid 1800's. Today, American children are poisoned with mercury on a much larger scale from their dental fillings. Many European nations have banned amalgam fillings. The American Dental Association knows about the problem. If they told you the truth, there might be law suits, so the poisoning continues.

            A troubled teen consulted the author some years ago. He had been expelled from several high schools, and lived at the Arizona Boys Ranch. His driver said he had "a bad attitude". In my office, he said "Doc, my brain doesn't work". A mineral analysis indicated high levels of cadmium and aluminum. Both are neurotoxic. I changed his diet, and recommended several supplements. Six months later he returned for a follow-up. His cadmium and aluminum levels had improved. The driver said, "His attitude has turned around". In my office the boy said, "Doc, my brain works".

            When the diet is low in vital minerals, the body absorbs much more of the toxic metals from food and the environment.
            Pesticide exposure can induce homicidal behavior. Many pesticides affect cholinesterase activity. This enzyme affects the level of acetylcholine, a calming neurotransmitter. This can induce states of agitation and irritability. Studies show that many children by age five have reached a dangerous level of pesticide exposure.

            Schools are often built today without windows for better insulation. Many have carpeting, which formerly was never used in schools. This creates a closed environment with carpet molds, dust, toxic cleaning products and formaldehyde in furniture and building materials. The result is called "sick building syndrome". Excellent books such as Is This Your Child's World? by Doris Rapp, MD document the harmful effects these chemicals can have on children's behavior.    
            What can be done about all this? A lot, at least with younger children whose diets can be controlled.  Use the resources at the end of this article to become informed and help your children feel their best. Explain to your children that you are responsible for their health and safety, and your rules are for their sake.

            Have fun explaining nutrition to kids. Tell them that fluffy, bleached, preserved white bread is good for two things: cleaning up a mess on the floor, and for blowing your nose if you don't have Kleenex. It has no place in a healthful diet. Bleached white flour is great for paper mache, but not for eating. 

            Don't keep junk food in the house, substitute healthier products and set a good example for children. Yell and scream until they take the soda machines and McDonald's-style meals out of the schools. If they refuse, consider taking your child out of that school. While you are at school, note if there is proper ventilation, and how many toxic carpets and other items your child will be exposed to.

            Natural light, provided by windows or full-spectrum bulbs, is also much healthier for children than windowless school buildings and standard fluorescent lights.

            Spend more time with your children. Although TV violence is probably not the main cause of school violence, why support violence on TV and movies? Ratings are everything. If enough people tune out, the programming will change.
           It is tempting to pass gun control laws to “control” the violence.  Clearly children should not be able to buy guns, and in most states they cannot.  Also, it is obvious that parents are responsible to keep their children away from all potentially lethal items that may be in a home.  However, gun control is a much larger issue.  Only by reviewing the statistics does one begin to realize that guns in the hands of the citizens are an excellent deterrant to crime, and in fact they prevent thousands of rapes, robberies and murders every year.

                        If the nutritionally atrocious diets continue and if biochemical imbalances that are easily seen on a hair mineral analysis are not addressed, the violence will only escalate.  If guns are not available, it will be with bombs, knives, chemicals or other weapons that could be far worse than a gun.

                        Statistics clearly reveal that gun control is not effective in reducing crime.  Kennesaw, Georgia passed a law requiring heads of households to have at least one gun in the house. The crime rate dropped and has remained low. There are excellent books detailing the benefits of gun ownership. Click here to read about gun statistics in America.
         If your child is diagnosed with ADHD or depression, use drugs as a last resort. Seek for causes, including nutritional imbalances, candida albicans infections, food allergies and chemical sensitivity among others. Other natural therapies can also be most helpful. For example, St. John's wort or 5-HTP for mild depression do not have the side effects of Prozac and often work as well.

            Children need to be loved and cared for carefully. Too many parents are burned out, too busy, or some just don’t care enough about their children. When children are not loved and cared for properly, most cannot articulate their needs. Instead, they "act out" - sometimes violently. Under the influence of drugs and other imbalances, it can be deadly. Perhaps we can be grateful for these incidents. They may point us in directions that are needed to better love the children.
1. Breggin, P.R., Talking Back to Prozac, St. Martin's Paperbacks, New York, NY, 1994.
2. Breggin, P.R., Your Drug May Be Your Problem, Perseus Books, Reading, MA 1999.
3. Breggin, P.R., also Talking Back to Ritalin and Toxic Psychiatry.
4. Dishinger, R.C., Bad Behavior and Illness are Caused by Biochemical Imbalances, available free at www.biochemimbal-bahavior.com or call 502-684-9233.
5. Doctor Visits by Youngsters with ADHD, Arch. of Ped. and Adolescent Med., Dec. 1999;153,1257-1263,1220-1221.
6. Drug Company Advertising to Doctors, J. of the AMA,2000;373-380 and 391-393.
7. Eck, P. and Wilson, L., Toxic Metals in Human Health and Disease, Eck Institute of Applied Nutrition, Phoenix, AZ, 1989.
8. Greeley, R.E., Thomas Jefferson's Freethought Legacy, Prometheus Books, Amherst, NY,    1995.
9. Hoffer, A, Dr. Hoffer's ABC of Natural Nutrition for Children, Quarry Press, Inc., Ontario, Canada 1999.
10. Johnson, J.A. et al., Drug-related Morbidity and Mortality, A Cost-of-Illness Model, Arch. Intern. Med., Oct. 9, 1995;155(18)1949-1956.
11.Olarsch, I.G., and Stockton, S., Why are Kids Killing...The Nutrition-Mind Connection, Townsend Letter for Doctors, April 2000;201,108-111.
12.O'Meara, K.P., Doping Kids, Insight Magazine, June 28, 1999, available at www.freerepublic.com
Prozac Survivor's Support Group, at www.pssg.org
13. Rapp, D., Is This Your Child?, Quill William Morrow, New York, 1991.
14. Rappaport, John, Why Did They Do It? An Inquiry Into The School Shootings in America, (available at www.truthseeker.com)
15. Schauss, A., Diet, Crime and Delinquency, Parker House Press, Berkeley, CA, 1980.
16. Thiel, R.J, Nutrition-based Interventions for ADD and ADHD, Amer. Naturo. Med. Assoc. Monitor, 1999, or at www.healthresearch.com.
17. Tracy, A.B., Prozac: Panacea or Pandora?, Cassia Publications, West Jordan, UT, 1994.
18. Tracy, Ann Black, International Coalition for Drug Awareness, www.drugawareness.org
19. Wiley, H., The History of the Crime Against the Food Law, available from the national      Health Federation, Monrovia, CA.
20. Williams, D.G., Teach Your Children Well, Alternatives For the Health Conscious Individual, September 1999, 800-219-8591.
Copyright L.D. Wilson Consultants, Inc., April 2007  

The whole world is shocked that a young Korean student shot to death 33 of his fellow students and faculty at Virginia Tech.  Can we understand this tragedy in a logical way?  I submit we can.  Here are a few ideas:
The Antidepressant Connection:
              Let us look at deeper causes of this senseless killing.  Many people know that this is not the first such senseless shooting.  It is just the one involving the most people.

              I have written about the devastating side effects of the SSRI antidepressants.  Indeed, these drugs were involved in MANY of the other school shootings.  The theme is often the same - senseless killing by a young person who just happens to have been taking SSRI antidepressants.  I have documented this in an article.  Click here to read Why Do Kids Kill?

              The police have so far denied finding any medication in the dorm room of the shooter.  However, on the 18th of April, a woman named Barbara called the Bill O”Reilley radio program.  She said firmly that the shooter was on antidepressant drugs.  This would be no surprise since the boy had been admitted to a mental hospital.

              It is well known that among the side effects of the SSRI antidepressants are homocide.  However, he may have stopped them for some reason, or run out.  Or, on a more sinister note, the information may be suppressed by the drug manufacturers, as it would cause terrible publicity if the truth be known about the antidepressant drugs.

              I have written several other articles about the effects of nutritional imbalances on the brain.  These include Adrenal Burnout Syndrome, Attention Deficit Disorder and several others found by clicking here.

              This is not speculation or just my point of view.  For example, the British Journal of Psychiatry published a study in 2002 in which half of a group of 230 young offenders were given a vitamin and mineral supplement, while the other half were given a placebo.  Those who took the vitamin supplement had a reduction in all repeat crime of 25%.  Violent crime was reduced by nearly 40%.  Those who took the placebo had no reduction in their repeat crime over a period of eighteen months.

                  An excellent book is Diet, Crime and Delinquency by Alexander Schauss.  The book is older, but presents excellent evidence regarding the connection between crime and deranged body chemistry, toxic metals, blood sugar imbalance and other nutritional problems.

We know the shooter was an unstable person.  Some believe that gun control, therefore, would be the answer to this type of situation.  However, this is definitely debatable.

For instance, if another student or two had also been armed, the shooter would have been stopped much sooner, perhaps before anyone was killed.  So the availability of guns could also have prevented the tragedy. 

Gun control brings up many other issues, and one should not decide a policy based on this one incident.  Below are the facts about guns.  Please read them carefully if you are a believer in gun control.  I am saddened that the facts are not used in evaluating guns.  Instead, emotions take over.

The statistics clearly prove that guns in the hands of the American citizens prevent thousands of crimes each year in America.  Below are a few facts I collected to support this idea that are usually ignored by the media.
A. Guns save many, many more lives than they take:

* Guns are used 2.5 million times a year in self-defense. Law-abiding citizens use guns to defend themselves against criminals as many as 2.5 million times every year -- or about 6,850 times a day.1 This means that each year, firearms are used more than 80 times more often to protect the lives of honest citizens than to take lives.2
 * Of the 2.5 million times citizens use their guns to defend themselves every year, the overwhelming majority merely brandish their gun or fire a warning shot to scare off their attackers. Less than 8% of the time, a citizen will kill or wound his/her attacker.3
 * As many as 200,000 women use a gun every year to defend themselves against sexual abuse.4
 * Even anti-gun Clinton researchers concede that guns are used 1.5 million times annually for self-defense. According to the Clinton Justice Department, there are as many as 1.5 million cases of self-defense every year. The National Institute of Justice published this figure in 1997 as part of "Guns in America" -- a study which was authored by noted anti-gun criminologists Philip Cook and Jens Ludwig.5
 * Armed citizens kill more crooks than do the police. Citizens shoot and kill at least twice as many criminals as police do every year (1,527 to 606).6 And readers of Newsweek learned that "only 2 percent of civilian shootings involved an innocent person mistakenly identified as a criminal. The 'error rate' for the police, however, was 11 percent, more than five times as high."7
 * Handguns are the weapon of choice for self-defense. Citizens use handguns to protect themselves over 1.9 million times a year.8 Many of these self-defense handguns could be labeled as "Saturday Night Specials."
 B. Concealed carry laws help reduce crime:

 * Nationwide: one-half million self-defense uses. Every year, as many as one-half million citizens defend themselves with a firearm away from home.9
 * Concealed carry laws are dropping crime rates across the country. A comprehensive national study determined in 1996 that violent crime fell after states made it legal to carry concealed firearms. The results of the study showed:
 * States which passed concealed carry laws reduced their murder rate by 8.5%, rapes by 5%, aggravated assaults by 7% and robbery by 3%;10 and
 * If those states not having concealed carry laws had adopted such laws in 1992, then approximately 1,570 murders, 4,177 rapes, 60,000 aggravated assaults and over 11,000 robberies would have been avoided yearly.11
 * Vermont: one of the safest five states in the country. In Vermont, citizens can carry a firearm without getting permission... without paying a  fee... or without going through any kind of government-imposed waiting  period. And yet for ten years in a row, Vermont has remained one of the  top-five, safest states in the union -- having three times received the "Safest State Award."12
 * Florida: concealed carry helps slash the murder rates in the state.  In the fifteen years following the passage of Florida's concealed carry  law in 1987, over 800,000 permits to carry firearms were issued to people  in the state.13 FBI reports show that the homicide rate in  Florida, which in 1987 was much higher than the national average, fell 52%  during that 15-year period -- thus putting the Florida rate below the national average.  14
 * Do firearms carry laws result in chaos? No. Consider the case of Florida. A citizen in the Sunshine State is far more likely to be attacked by an alligator than to be assaulted by a concealed carry holder.

 1. During the first fifteen years that the Florida law was in effect,  alligator attacks outpaced the number of crimes committed by carry holders  by a 229 to 155 margin.
 2. And even the 155 "crimes" committed by concealed carry permit holders  are somewhat misleading as most of these infractions resulted from  Floridians who accidentally carried their firearms into restricted areas,  such as an airport.15
 C. Criminals avoid armed citizens:

 * Kennesaw, GA. In 1982, this suburb of Atlanta passed a law requiring heads of households to keep at least one firearm in the house. The residential burglary rate subsequently dropped 89% in Kennesaw, compared to the modest 10.4% drop in Georgia as a whole.16

 * Ten years later (1991), the residential burglary rate in Kennesaw was still 72% lower than it had been in 1981, before the law was passed.17

 * Nationwide. Statistical comparisons with other countries show that burglars in the United States are far less apt to enter an occupied home than their foreign counterparts who live in countries where fewer civilians own firearms. Consider the following rates showing how often a homeowner is present when a burglar strikes:
* Homeowner occupancy rate in the gun control countries of Great Britain, Canada and Netherlands: 45% (average of the three countries); and,
* Homeowner occupancy rate in the United States: 12.7%.18
 Rapes averted when women carry or use firearms for protection
* Orlando, FL. In 1966-67, the media highly publicized a safety course which taught Orlando women how to use guns. The result: Orlando's rape rate dropped 88% in 1967, whereas the rape rate remained constant in the rest of Florida and the nation.19
* Nationwide. In 1979, the Carter Justice Department found that of more than 32,000 attempted rapes, 32% were actually committed. But when a woman was armed with a gun or knife, only 3% of the attempted rapes were actually successful.20
 Justice Department study:
* 3/5 of felons polled agreed that "a criminal is not going to mess around with a victim he knows is armed with a gun."21
* 74% of felons polled agreed that "one reason burglars avoid houses when people are at home is that they fear being shot during the crime."22

 * 57% of felons polled agreed that "criminals are more worried about meeting an armed victim than they are about running into the police."23

1. Gary Kleck and Marc Gertz, "Armed Resistance to Crime: The Prevalence and Nature of Self-Defense With a Gun," 86 The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Northwestern University School of Law, 1 (Fall 1995):164.

Dr. Kleck is a professor in the school of criminology and criminal justice at Florida State University in Tallahassee. He has researched extensively and published several essays on the gun control issue. His book, Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America, has become a widely cited source in the gun control debate. In fact, this book earned Dr. Kleck the prestigious American Society of Criminology Michael J. Hindelang award for 1993. This award is given for the book published in the past two to three years that makes the most outstanding contribution to criminology.

Even those who don't like the conclusions Dr. Kleck reaches, cannot argue with his impeccable research and methodology. In "A Tribute to a View I Have Opposed," Marvin E. Wolfgang writes that, "What troubles me is the article by Gary Kleck and Marc Gertz. The reason I am troubled is that they have provided an almost clear-cut case of methodologically sound research in support of something I have theoretically opposed for years, namely, the use of a gun in defense against a criminal perpetrator.... I have to admit my admiration for the care and caution expressed in this article and this research. Can it be true that about two million instances occur each year in which a gun was used as a defensive measure against crime? It is hard to believe. Yet, it is hard to challenge the data collected. We do not have contrary evidence." Wolfgang, "A Tribute to a View I Have Opposed," The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, at 188.

Wolfgang says there is no "contrary evidence." Indeed, there are more than a dozen national polls -- one of which was conducted by The Los Angeles Times -- that have found figures comparable to the Kleck-Gertz study. Even the Clinton Justice Department (through the National Institute of Justice) found there were as many as 1.5 million defensive users of firearms every year. See National Institute of Justice, "Guns in America: National Survey on Private Ownership and Use of Firearms," Research in Brief (May 1997).

As for Dr. Kleck, readers of his materials may be interested to know that he is a member of the ACLU, Amnesty International USA, and Common Cause. He is not and has never been a member of or contributor to any advocacy group on either side of the gun control debate.

2. According to the National Safety Council, the total number of gun deaths (by accidents, suicides and homicides) account for less than 30,000 deaths per year. See Injury Facts, published yearly by the National Safety Council, Itasca, Illinois.

3. Kleck and Gertz, "Armed Resistance to Crime," at 173, 185.

4. Kleck and Gertz, "Armed Resistance to Crime," at 185.

5. Philip J. Cook and Jens Ludwig, "Guns in America: National Survey on Private Ownership and Use of Firearms," NIJ Research in Brief (May 1997); available at http://www.ncjrs.org/txtfiles/165476.txt on the internet. The finding of 1.5 million yearly self-defense cases did not sit well with the anti-gun bias of the study's authors, who attempted to explain why there could not possibly be one and a half million cases of self-defense every year. Nevertheless, the 1.5 million figure is consistent with a mountain of independent surveys showing similar figures. The sponsors of these studies -- nearly a dozen -- are quite varied, and include anti-gun organizations, news media organizations, governments and commercial polling firms. See also Kleck and Gertz, supra note 1, pp. 182-183.

6. Kleck, Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America, (1991):111-116, 148.

7. George F. Will, "Are We 'a Nation of Cowards'?," Newsweek (15 November 1993):93.

8. Id. at 164, 185.

9. Dr. Gary Kleck, interview with J. Neil Schulman, "Q and A: Guns, crime and self-defense," The Orange County Register (19 September 1993). In the interview with Schulman, Dr. Kleck reports on findings from a national survey which he and Dr. Marc Gertz conducted in Spring, 1993 -- a survey which findings were reported in Kleck and Gertz, "Armed Resistance to Crime." br>

10 One of the authors of the University of Chicago study reported on the study's findings in John R. Lott, Jr., "More Guns, Less Violent Crime," The Wall Street Journal (28 August 1996). See also John R. Lott, Jr. and David B. Mustard, "Crime, Deterrence, and Right-to-Carry Concealed Handguns," University of Chicago (15 August 1996); and Lott, More Guns, Less Crime (1998, 2000).

11. Lott and Mustard, "Crime, Deterrence, and Right-to-Carry Concealed Handguns."

12. Kathleen O'Leary Morgan, Scott Morgan and Neal Quitno, "Rankings of States in Most Dangerous/Safest State Awards 1994 to 2003," Morgan Quitno Press (2004) at http://www.statestats.com/dang9403.htm. Morgan Quitno Press is an independent private research and publishing company which was founded in 1989. The company specializes in reference books and monthly reports that compare states and cities in several different subject areas. In the first 10 years in which they published their Safest State Award, Vermont has consistently remained one of the top five safest states.

13. Memo by Jim Smith, Secretary of State, Florida Department of State, Division of Licensing, Concealed Weapons/Firearms License Statistical Report (October 1, 2002).

14. Florida's murder rate was 11.4 per 100,000 in 1987, but only 5.5 in 2002. Compare Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Crime in the United States," Uniform Crime Reports, (1988): 7, 53; and FBI, (2003):19, 79.

15. John R. Lott, Jr., "Right to carry would disprove horror stories," Kansas City Star, (July
12, 2003).

16. Gary Kleck, "Crime Control Through the Private Use of Armed Force," Social Problems 35 (February 1988):15.

17. Compare Kleck, "Crime Control," at 15, and Chief Dwaine L. Wilson, City of Kennesaw Police Department, "Month to Month Statistics: 1991." (Residential burglary rates from 1981-1991 are based on statistics for the months of March - October.)

18. Kleck, Point Blank, at 140.

19. Kleck, "Crime Control," at 13.

20. U.S. Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, Rape Victimization in 26 American Cities (1979), p. 31.

21. U.S., Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, "The Armed Criminal in America: A Survey of Incarcerated Felons," Research Report (July 1985): 27.

22. Id.

23. Id.
In fact, doctors are far more dangerous than guns.  The following will illustrate this:
(A) The number of physicians in the U.S. is 700,000.
(B) Accidental deaths caused by Physicians per year are  120,000.
(C) Accidental deaths per physician is 0.171.
(Statistics courtesy of U.S. Dept. of Health Human Services)
(A) The number of gun owners in the U.S. is 80,000,000.
Yes, that is 80 million.
(B) The number of accidental gun deaths per year, all  age groups, is 1,500.
(C) The number of accidental deaths per gun owner is  0.000188.
              Statistically, doctors are approximately 9,000 times more dangerous than gun owners.  (NOTE: many authorities say that doctors cause many more than 120,000 deaths per year, up to 700,000 per year.  So  most likely, doctors are not 9000 but perhaps 60,000 more dangerous than guns.)
41,650 deaths related to motor vehicle accidents,
17,229 in falls at home and on the job,
3,306 from water in drowning,
19,457 from poisoning, in the same year,
3,369 due to fire or burns,
3,200 due to choking, and
900 from guns

Note that the top category of vehicle accidents is 45 times greater than the bottom
category of guns. Should we outlaw cars and ladders?
The Illogic of Gun Control
If guns cause crime, do matches cause arson?
If guns cause crime, does water cause drowning?
If guns cause crime, needles cause drug abuse?
If guns cause crime, do pencils misspell words?
While a more remote possibility, a recent article by law enforcement specialists suggests that children and young people in America are highly targeted by Al-Queda and other Islamic terrorist groups. 

The title of the article is Mass Slaughter in our Schools, The Terrorists’ Chilling Plan.  It is found at http://www.policeone.com/.  Is it possible in this case?  Probably not, as it was a sole shooter.  However, one can speculate and we should be aware of methods that can be used to hypnotize or take advantage of unstable individuals.
While it sounds bizarre, a person can be hypnotized to commit a crime.  The one who commits the crime never even knows what happened. 
However we come to understand the events of April 16 at Virginia Tech, I extend  deepest sympathies to all the families of those affected.  I also hope that the investigation of the causes probes deeply and reaches beyond knee-jerk responses.
Article # 2 :

What do anti-depressants do to your brain?
REDUX: Thu Jan 2 13:37:49 2003
Tue Jan 4 00:17:06 2005

By Sue Ella Deadwyler

They’re not approved for minors, but the Prozac family of drugs taken by pre-schoolers has increased alarmingly. Between 1995 and 1999, the rate of children under six using Ritalin increased 23 percent. Other Prozac family drugs increased in children under six by an unbelievable 580 percent. Astounding, since such drugs have not been approved for anyone under 18 years old. Not only that, Ritalin and Prozac are being prescribed together for at least 30 percent of the children taking SSRI antidepressants.
By Sue Ella Deadwyler

Prozac: Panacea or Pandora? Updated 2001 Edition
Author: Ann Blake Tracy, PhD

Dangerous drugs called “serotonergic agents” are also known as Specific Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) because they throw the metabolism of serotonin out of whack. They increase the level of serotonin in the brain but decrease the process by which the body uses it.

What is serotonin? Serotonin is an essential chemical produced by the body.

Where is it found? It’s in the blood and gastric mucous membranes of all mammals.

What does it do? It helps regulate mood and mental health.

Consider this:

Adequate serotonin is an essential chemical for good mental health.

Elevated levels of serotonin have been found in persons with psychosis or schizophrenia, mood disorders, organic brain disease, mental retardation, autism and Alzheimer’s disease.

Low levels of serotonin metabolism are found in others with depression, anxiety, suicide, violence, arson, substance abuse, insomnia, violent nightmares, impulsive behavior, reckless driving, exhibitionism, hostility, argumentative behavior, etc.

Adequate is, obviously, the preferred level of serotonin and no medication is needed.

Elevated levels of serotonin might indicate a need to lower the level, but SSRIs aren’t the answer. SSRIs further elevate serotonin levels and restrict its use in the brain.

Low levels of serotonin might indicate a need to raise the level, but SSRIs aren’t the answer to that either. Again, at the same time SSRIs elevate serotonin levels, they also interfere with its metabolism. Both elevated levels and low levels of serotonin are worsened when SSRIs are ingested.

All anti-depressants are SSRIs but Prozac is best known. Dr. Tracy states that many other drugs should be simply numbered Prozac #2, Prozac #3, Prozac #4, etc., because they have the same effects. A short list of Prozac act-alikes are Sarafem, Zoloft, Paxil, Luvox, Effexor, Ritalin (and other amphetamines), Serzone, Celexa, Fen-Phen, Redux, Merida, LSD, PCP and Ecstasy. The SSRI Dextromethorphan is found in most over-the-counter cough and cold medications and Wellbutrin (Zyban) is recommended to smokers who want to quit.

They’re not approved for minors, but the Prozac family of drugs taken by pre-schoolers has increased alarmingly. Between 1995 and 1999, the rate of children under six using Ritalin increased 23 percent. Other Prozac family drugs increased in children under six by an unbelievable 580 percent. Astounding, since such drugs have not been approved for anyone under 18 years old. Not only that, Ritalin and Prozac are being prescribed together for at least 30 percent of the children taking SSRI antidepressants.

Dr. Tracy illustrated the critical problem of SSRIs in factual reports of individuals involved in serotonergic-induced incidents. Medications involved are indicated by parentheses. Pages two and three of this newsletter recounts some of the SSRI-related tragedies that have occurred since her first book was published in September 1991.


Dr. Ann Blake Tracy with a degree in psychology and an emphasis in the biological and forensic areas, has worked as an investigative reporter, served as Director of the Coalition for a Drug Free Utah, headed the Utah Prozac Survivor’s Support Group, testified before the FDA and congressional subcommittee members and testifies as an expert witness in Prozac-related cases.

Other SSRIs identified by generic names: Amitriptyline, Clomipramine, Desipramine, Doxepin, Imipramine, Nortriptyline, Protriptyline, Fluvoxamine, Fluoxetine, Paroxetine, Sertraline, Trazodone, Citalopram, Isocarboxazid, Phenelzine, Selegiline, Tranylcypromine. SSRI Amphetamines: Ritalin, Cocaine, Fenfluramine, Reserpine, Redux, Meridia, Buspirone, Sumatriptan, Lithium, Electro Convulsive Treatment (ECT), Dextromethorphan, Meperidine, Venlafaxine, Nefazodone, Zyprexa, Rispiral, Remeron. Dr. Tracy credited Kirk Mills, M.D., American Family Physician, as partial source.
November 2001


Prozac sales are estimated at $8 million daily.
Its manufacturer pays untold amounts to quietly settle complaints
of suicide-related deaths of its users.

Tragedies attributed to People on Mind-Altering SSRI Drugs
(Drugs involved in the following incidents are indicated by parentheses.)

School Shootings
Eric Harris (Luvox) participated in the school shooting in Littleton, Colorado. Legal action is pending.

Kip Kinkle (Prozac/Ritalin withdrawal) Springfield, OR, killed his parents, then went to school and killed two classmates.

Jason Hoffman (Effexor/Celexa) was involved in the school shooting in El Cajon, California.

Elizabeth Bush (Paxil), a 13-year-old, was responsible for a school shooting in Pennsylvania. Before taking the drug, she was very religious citing Mother Theresa as one of her main heroes. She described her recent loss of spiritual feelings after taking Paxil for only a few months.

Cory Baadesgaard (Paxil/Effexor), Matawa, WA school shooting

Stand-off at school in Pocatello, ID in 1998 by a boy (Zoloft) having a Zoloft-induced seizure

Chris Shanahan (Paxil), 15-year-old in Rigby, ID, out of the blue, killed a woman.

Other Incidents Involving Youngsters

Chris Fetters (Prozac), a 13-year-old in Iowa killed her favorite aunt.

Matt Miller, 13, in Overland Park, KS hung himself in his bedroom closet after only 6 days on Zoloft.

Winatchee, WA, 43 people were wrongfully imprisoned under false accusations in a sexual abuse “witch hunt” started by a child taking Prozac and Paxil. It cost the state of WA millions for wrongful imprisonment.

Seth Privacky (Wellbutrin), 18-year-old from Dalton Township, MI, shot his grandfather, parents, brother and brother’s girlfriend while celebrating Thanksgiving.

Jarred Viktor (Paxil), 15-year-old, Escondido, CA, stabbed his grandmother 61 times. He took Paxil five days.

Jeff Franklin (Prozac/Ritalin), Huntsville, AL, killed his parents as they came home from work. He used a sledge hammer, hatchet, butcher knife and mechanic’s file, then attacked his younger brothers and sister.

Tragedies by Adults

Mr. & Mrs. Phil Hartman (Zoloft), a wrongful death court case was filed but settled by the Zoloft manufacturer.

Sergi Babarin’s (SSRI withdrawal) Salt Lake Family History Library shooting left three dead.

Matthew Beck (Luvox), Connecticut lottery shooting left five dead in a murder/suicide.

Edward Leary (Prozac) was involved in the New York City Subway bombing.

Nick Mansies (Paxil), New Jersey, was convicted of killing a little boy who was selling cookies door-to-door.

Dana Sue Gray (Paxil), Orange County, CA, described as a very caring nurse, killed several elderly people.

Officer Stephen Christian (Prozac), one of Dallas Police force’s finest, ran into a police substation shooting at fellow officers and was killed. A wrongful death case was settled by makers of Prozac.

David Rothman (Prozac) killed two co-workers and himself at the Department of Agriculture in Ingelwood, CA. Legal action is pending.

Williams Evans (Zoloft) shot a co-worker at Columbus, Ohio Bureau of Employment Services, then himself.

Marilyn Lemak (Zoloft) of Naperville, IL killed her three children.

Christopher Vasquez (Zoloft) butchered Michael McMorrow in Central Park.

Megan Hogg (Prozac) killed her three little girls by duct-taping their mouths and noses before taking a handful of pills in a suicide attempt.

Vera Espinoza (Prozac), Randolph, VT, shot her small son and daughter, then herself. Legal action is pending.

Mr. Cunningham (Prozac), an elderly man in Layton, UT, axed his wife and daughter to death.

Margaret Kastanis (Prozac), West Jordan, UT, killed her three children with a knife and hammer, then stabbed herself to death.

Georgia Insight November 2001:

More Tragedies attributed to Adults on Mind-Altering Drugs

Larramie Huntzinger (Zoloft) ran his car into three young girls, killing two in Salt Lake City, UT.

Amarillo, TX, young man (Prozac/Ritalin/another antidepressant) burned down a church and pastor’s home.

Mary Hinkelman (Prozac), a nurse in Baroda, MI, shot her two small daughters and her sister before shooting herself. Legal action is pending.

Lisa Fox (Prozac), Brighton, MI, shot her small son and her dog before shooting herself.

Dr. Debra Green (Prozac), Kansas City, MO, set her home on fire, killing her children.

Lauri Dann (Anafranil), Chicago, IL, shot seven children in an elementary school classroom, killing one.

Donald Schell (Paxil), Gillette, WY, shot his wife, daughter and baby grand-daughter, then himself after taking Paxil two days. In June 2001 Paxil manufacturer was found guilty of this murder/suicide and ordered to pay $6.4 million.

Gloria B. (Prozac), Pleasant Grove, UT, killed her sleeping 17-year-old son with a sledge-hammer before she attempted suicide by drinking a chemical manufactured to unstop drains.

Larry Buttz (Prozac), Ames, IA, superintendent of schools, shot his wife, son and daughter, then himself.

Adrea Yates (Effexor/Remeron-Effexor), Houston, TX, drowned her five small children in the bathtub. She had been prescribed the drugs at one and a half times the maximum dose.

Other Famous Cases

Princess Diana (Prozac) and Dodi Fayed died in the car crash driven by their driver Henri Paul (Prozac).

Monica Lewinsky (Prozac, Zoloft, Effexor, Serzone and Phen-Fen)

Chris Farley (Prozac) had a Prozac-induced heart attack.

Jim McDougal (Prozac), Clinton’s ex-partner, died of a Prozac-induced heart attack after his dosage was increased to 60 mg in prison.

Mrs. Randall Tobias (Prozac), whose husband was CEO of Eli Lilly that manufactures Prozac, committed suicide while she was taking Prozac.

The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Adverse Reaction Report (ADR) on SSRI drugs on June 18, 1992 revealed that, during the seven year period between 1985 and 1992, there were 1,313 Prozac-related deaths compared to 861 deaths from all other SSRIs drugs combined.

It further compared the effects of Prozac and five other specific SSRI drugs. There were 23,067 adverse reaction reports on Prozac, while the five other drugs combined had only 9,844 total complaints of bad effects. Consider some of the effects of Prozac compared to Deseryl, Elavil, Tofanil, Ludiomil and Sinequan below:

Prozac Others Combined
Deaths 1,313 578
Anxiety 734 111
Hostility 634 39
Insomnia 870 183
Depression 762 93
Psychotic Depression 780 31
Convulsions 579 597
Nervousness 756 133
Tremor 499 221

Gag Orders Protect Drug Manufacturers

Dr. Tracy reports, “This is only a handful of MANY, MANY more cases. At this point the number of cases is so great that there would not be room for anything else if I continued to list them. Many cases have been settled with ‘gag orders’ placed on the families. This keeps bad press at bay so as not to give the drugs a soiled reputation thus continuing the popularity of the drugs. And the silence keeps others from filing cases due to the ignorance of the fact that a success in a wrongful death suit is possible.”


Article #3:

Link Between Prozac, Ritalin, Luvox, Zoloft, and Paxil to School Shootings
Journal of the American Medical Association shows 50% increase in Prozac with Preschoolers. 2/23/2000

 The Journal of the American Medical Association released a study that shows that there is a tremendous increase in prescribing anti-depressants to preschoolers aged 2 to 4 years old! The "Terrible Twos" are just that! If you start throwing these drugs at preschoolers, what are we going to do for them when they hit their teens?   There has been a connection between school shootings and the shooters having been on these drugs!

Gun violence in schools has actually gone down since 1992, while violence in general has gone up in schools!    If a majority of the school shooters were on (or had abruptly stopped taking) anti-depressants then it stands to reason that most of the other violence in schools may be related to these drugs as well!    I have read a lot about the Oregon shootings and how Kip Kinkle had been on prozac. I had heard that, but now a Vermont Outdoors writer has said that "Just about every massacre that occurred anywhere in the U.S. and Canada over the last decade has involved an individual using a prescription drug called Prozac or one of its relatives."

We went through this in the Eighties for crying out loud! I thought doctors had learned how to use this stuff and monitor patients since we know that problems occur when they stop taking it!

We are locking up guns, limiting ammo, doing background checks, and in some states mandatory waiting periods but these doctors (and Parents) are putting kids on these anti-depressants without keeping a close eye on them afterwards!

These anti-depressants known as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) have been known to help, but the problem arises when a patient stops taking the drug. We have known this since Prozac got it's reputation in the Eighties when "everyone" was depressed. That gave us the "Going Postal" and the "Prozac Moment" sayings and these sayings have truth to them.  

When one of these events happen, people,like our President, point at the guns, gun owners, and gun companies for being responsible!   Why do they point at the tool and not the PERSON using the tool!  
Automobiles kill more people than guns, but you don't hear anyone calling for a ban on cars!  

If there is any truth to the connection between these drugs and the shootings then these Doctors (and parents) are putting these kids on these drugs and not following up on them as necessary then maybe we should start looking a little closer at this situation!   If there is any logic (and I don't see it) to suing gun companies, then there is definitely logic in going after these Doctors (and parents) for putting these SSRI drugs into these children without following up and making sure that they don't stop taking it.  

From "Time-Outs" to not keeping score in sports, children today are being over protected from loss and failure. When a child seems stressed then they go for these drugs because "it is so much harder growing up these days"-- BULONEY!  

Every generation has it's struggles and this generation is no different. Earlier generations had to struggle to survive and when you struggle with nature you have to keep score because if you lose, you die!  

Before we fly off the handle, like our President has (more than once), maybe we should stop attacking and restricting law abiding citizens  and take a closer look at the families of these children and the doctors that prescribed these drugs in the first place!  
I would like the US Congress and the NH Legislature to read this article and check into this information so that maybe we can address the cause of the problem, which appears to be these SSRI Drugs and NOT GUNS!    

Here are the last major school shooters and the link under each name is a reputable news source that connects them all with SSRI's (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) like Prozac, Ritalin, Zoloft, Luvox, Paxil, and others:  

1) May 20 1999: T.J. Solomon, a 15-year-old wounds six at Heritage High School in Conyers, Ga.. http://add.about.com/health/add/library/weekly/aa052599.htm CNN Reports That T.J. Solomon was on Ritalin.  

2) April 16 1999: Shawn Cooper, a 15-year-old sophomore wounds one at Notus Junior-Senior High School in Notus, Idaho. http://www.boiseweekly.com/archive/v7i42/cope/cope_col.html Reports that Cooper was abused and medicated.  

3) April 20 1999: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill thirteen and wound twenty three at Columbine High School. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/daily/april99/antisocial04299.htm Eric Harris, The apparent leader of the attack had been on Luvox.  

4) May 21, 1998: Kip Kinkel, a 15-year-old kills four and wounds twenty three at Thurston High School in Springfield, Ore.. http://www.drugawareness.org/washtimes.html  Kinkle Had been taking Prozac.  

5) March 24, 1998: Mitchell Johnson, 13, and Andrew Golden, 11, opened fire on their classmates and killed five and wounded eleven at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Ark..  

Arkansas Online  http://www.ardemgaz.com/prev/jonesboro/brygolden24.html Andrew Golden's Medical Records released to Courts but not open to the public!  

From Jon Rappaport of the Truthseeker foundation: http://www.nfgcc.org/schoolviolence.htm A Doctor from Georgetown University commented on Network television that one of the boys had previously been treated for violent behavior. (Treated with what?)  

AND According to Arianna Huffington the following events are linked to Anti-Depressants as well:  

6) Julie Marie Meade from Maryland who was shot to death by the police when they found her waving a gun at them. http://www.ariannaonline.com/columns/files/070998.html  
7) Ben Garris, a 16-year-old in Baltimore who stabbed his counselor to death.  http://www.ariannaonline.com/columns/files/070998.html  

8) Kristina Fetters, a 14-year-old from Des Moines, Iowa, who stabbed her favorite great aunt in a rage that landed her a life sentence. http://www.ariannaonline.com/columns/files/070998.html    

9) Pfizer, The Manufacturer of Zoloft is being sued by a Kansas family for the Suicide of their 14 year old son on Zoloft. http://www.ariannaonline.com/columns/files/061099.html  

10) The estate of Brynn Hartman, Wife of the Saturday Night Live Comedian, Phil Hartman, is also suing Pfizer, since Mrs. Hartman had been on Zoloft when she killed her husband and herself! http://www.ariannaonline.com/columns/files/061099.html  
These drugs cause side effects like insomnia, anxiety, and agitation. (From The New York Hospital Cornell Medical Center), and sometimes suicidal tendencies especially with fluoxetine (Prozac). These results have been found in adults and some young people, but the best course for prescribing SSRI's to the young seems to be extreme caution.  
How could so many of these legally drugged up kids have been left with out supervision?  
After an hour or so of research I found this to be quite obvious!    The main problem with getting information out is the fact that these are young people who's records are sealed and cannot be accessed with out permission.    Three weeks after the Columbine shootings the President held a conference on youth violence and declared "the best ideas from people who can really make a difference: parents and young people, teachers and religious leaders, law enforcement, gun manufacturers, representatives of the entertainment industry and those of us here in government."   

The President seemed to miss a very important factor in that conference and that was the mental health industry. Any mental health worker involved may have been able to add important information like the connection between these SSRI's and many of these acts of violence.   Everything about these SSRI drugs suggests that close monitoring would be very important due to the fact that the drug must be taken regularly and to stop taking these drugs can cause psychotic reactions.  

Instead of spending time and money on the vehicle of violence, the gun, we should be investigating the cause of the violence, which very well may be the prescribing of these psychotropic drugs such as Ritalin, Luvox, Zoloft, Paxil, and Prozac to the young people of this country!    

Seth Tricky, 13, of Fort Gibson, Oklahoma, shot several of his classmates back in December of 1999. This is a small town and this boy attended church on a regular basis. On the evening of the shooting the boy's pastor, the Rev. Jeff Burress of the First United Methodist Church of Fort Gibson, Okla., made this statement:

"At a time like this," he said, "it's awfully easy for us to point an accusing finger and to place blame. As Seth's pastor, I can place a lot of guilt on myself. Maybe I could have said or done something that might have prevented this. Seth's dad, his mom, his brother, his sister, his teachers, his Sunday school teacher, his classmates -- all of us could beat ourselves up for something we did or didn't do. But placing blame and feeling guilty isn't what we need to be doing right now. Of course, we need to accept responsibility for what we have done and for what we have failed to do that has caused others to suffer in this instance and in other instances. But laying guilt on ourselves or others isn't the answer."
We can't blame the automobile that a drunk driver used, or the Pill maker of the drug a person was taking, or any manufacturer or seller of an item used to injure or kill someone!
We can take personal responsibility for what each of us do! If this boy had problems, and he obviously did, then we need to work on the CAUSE of these problems, and not the items a sick person turns to, to release their pent up anger!

Does anyone know if this boy was on any of these anti-depressants?    
If this boy has seen any medical professional for depression or behavior problems, you can bet that they put him on these drugs!   Parents have to start sharing this information, like some of the one's below who gave permission to release this information!   This could be a very important factor in much of todays school violence in general!  

The acts of violence are the problem, not the items used in the act!            
Other News Events Linked to Anti-Depressants
- On May 25, 1997 18-year-old Jeremy Strohmeyer raped and murdered a 7-year-old African American girl in Las Vegas, Nevada. Strohmeyer had been diagnosed with ADD and prescribed Dexedrine, a Ritalin-like drug, immediately prior to the killing.  

  - On October 1st, 1997, in Pearl Mississippi, 16-year-old Luke Woodham stabbed his mother--50-year-old Mary Woodham--to death and then went to his high school where he shot nine people killing two teenage girls and wounding seven others.8 Published reports say he was on Prozac.  

- Exactly two months later on Dec 1, 1997, Michael Carneal, a 14-year-old opened fire on students at a high school prayer meeting in West Paducah, Kentucky. Three teenagers were killed, five others were wounded, one of whom was paralyzed. Carneal was reportedly on Ritalin.

  - Then in February, 1998 a young man in Huntsville, Alabama on Ritalin went psychotic chopping up his parents with an ax and also killing one sibling and almost murdering another.  

- On March 24, 1998 in Jonesboro, Arkansas, 11-year-old Andrew Golden and 14-year-old Mitchell Johnson shot 15 people killing four students, one teacher, and wounding 10 others.13 According to one report, the boys were believed to be on Ritilan.  

- Two months later another grisly school massacre occurred. On May 21, 1998 15-year-old Kip Kinkel of Springfield, Oregon murdered his parents and proceeded to his high school where he went on a rampage killing two students and wounding 22 others. Kinkel had been prescribed both Prozac and Ritalin.  

- On April 16th, 1999, 15-year-old Shawn Cooper of Notus, Idaho took a 12-guage shot gun to school and started firing, injuring one student and holding the school hostage for about 20 minutes. Terrified students ran for their lives, some barricading themselves in classrooms. Cooper had been taking Ritalin when he fired the shotgun's rounds.

  - The incident in Idaho did not make the national press (no one, thank God, was killed). But all that changed four days later when 18-year-old Eric Harris killed 12 students and a teacher at Columbine High School before killing himself. Harris was on one of the SSRI anti-depressants called Luvox.  

- One month later to the day, on May 20th of this year TJ Solomon, a 15-year-old high school student in Conyers, Georgia on Ritalin opened fire on and wounded six of his class mates. Thankfully, none were killed.

  - Then there's 14-year-old Rod Mathews who had been prescribed Ritalin since the third grade and beat a classmate to death with a bat.  

- 19-year-old James Wilson who had been on psychiatric drugs for 5 years and tool a .22 caliber revolver into an elementary school in Breenwood, South Carolina killing two young girls, and wounding seven other children and two teachers!





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